Friday, November 29, 2013

Jean Metzinger, La danse

Jean Metzinger (French, 1883-1956)

La danse (Bacchante) (1906) oil on canvas, 73 x 54 cm

Nu (Nu debout), 1911, oil on carton

Circus Equestrienne, 1924

Jean Dominique Antony Metzinger (June 24, 1883 – November 3, 1956) was a major 20th-century French painter, theorist, writer, critic and poet, born in Nantes, France, who, along with Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and Albert Gleizes, developed the art style known as Cubism.
His earliest works, from 1900 to 1904, appear to have been influenced by the Neo-Impressionism of Georges Seurat and Henri-Edmond Cross. Between 1904 and 1907 Metzinger worked in the Divisionist and Fauvist styles with a strong Cézannian component, leading to some of the first proto-Cubist works. 
From 1908 Metzinger experimented with the faceting of form, a style that would soon become known as Cubism. His early involvement in Cubism saw him both as an influential artist and principal theorist of the movement. The idea of moving around an object in order to see it from different view-points is treated in Metzinger's "Note sur la Peinture", published in 1910. 
Prior to Cubism painters worked from the limiting factor of a single view-point. Metzinger, for the first time, in "Note sur la peinture", enunciated the interest in representing objects as remembered from successive and subjective experiences within the context of both space and time. 
Jean Metzinger and Albert Gleizes wrote the first major treatise on Cubism in 1912, entitled Du "Cubisme". Metzinger was a founding member of the Section d'Or group of artists.