Saturday, January 19, 2013

French Post-Impressionism: Paul Gauguin

Paul Gauguin (French, 1848 – 1903)

Garden under Snow, 1879

Street in Rouen, 1884

By the Stream, Autumn, 1885

Rocks and sea ,1886

Breton Woman and Goose by Water (1888) oil on canvas

Portrait of Madeleine Bernard, 1888

This work was painted in 1888 during Gauguin’s second visit to Pont-Aven, where he met up again with Emile Bernard and his young sister Madeleine, aged 17; Gauguin duly fell in love with her. The young woman depicted in this canvas does not look like the angelic portraits painted by her brother. She seems older and her attitude is that of a woman daydreaming. Her hair worn up, her enigmatic gaze, her made-up eyes and the careful drawing of her lips all make her a thoroughly charming seductress.

A little cat, 1888

Breton Boy in a Landscape (Little Breton with Goose) (1889)

The Sacred Mountain, 1892

A Breton Landscape, David’s Mill, 1894

Portrait of William Molard, 1894

Tree linen road, Rouen

Farm in Brittany

Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (7 June 1848 – 8 May 1903) was a leading French Post-Impressionist artist who was not well appreciated until after his death. Gauguin was later recognized for his experimental use of colors and synthetist style that were distinguishably different from Impressionism. His work was influential to the French avant-garde and many modern artists, such as Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse. Gauguin’s art became popular after his death and many of his paintings were in the possession of Russian collector Sergei Shchukin.[1] He was an important figure in the Symbolist movement as a painter, sculptor, print-maker, ceramist, and writer. His bold experimentation with coloring led directly to the Synthetist style of modern art, while his expression of the inherent meaning of the subjects in his paintings, under the influence of the cloisonnist style, paved the way to Primitivism and the return to the pastoral. He was also an influential proponent of wood engraving and woodcuts as art forms.

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